Primary Health Care Research and Innovation Center

Robust health systems that can address people’s complex and varied health needs side by side are essential for sustainable development and the key to building a better future. Primary health care (PHC) forms the foundation of health systems and is the key to achieving health for all. World Health Organization (WHO) has adopted the PHC approach as the conceptual basis for effective health care delivery during Alma Ata Declaration in 1978 and reinforced its importance in the World Health Report 2008 and Astana Declaration in 2018. Strengthening PHC is critical to improving health outcomes and overall health systems efficiency. Hence, strengthening primary health care is a crucial global health policy initiative.

Primary Health Care Transformation is the first pillar of Indonesia Health Transformation. Primary health care encompasses a distinct and complex model of health care, with core values of first-contact, person-centered, comprehensive, and continuity of care that underpin the design, delivery, and monitoring of care for most of our population. High-quality primary health care needs to be supported by high-quality research. Primary care research is central to the successful health transformation by providing the crucial evidence to overcome the longstanding and widespread threats and challenges to realizing primary care’s full potential. Hence, Primary Health Care and Innovation Center was founded in 2022 to deliver high-quality, priority-driven research required for guiding primary health care policy, programs, and services during the transformation.


To promote innovative high-quality research and evaluation to strengthen and expand the contribution of Family Medicine and Primary Health Care in the achievement of Healthy Indonesia (Indonesia Sehat) and Sustainable Development Goals. 


  1. To support priority-driven primary health care research.
  2. To increase the capacity to undertake primary health care research.
  3. To drive the uptake of research into primary health care policy and services.

Scope of Research

  1. Service delivery model and system of care.
  2. Health promotion, patient management tools and community engagement.
  3. PHC financing, policy and multisectoral collaboration.


  1. Delayed detection of leprosy cases: A systematic review of healthcare-related factors (PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases)
  2. Closing the evidence gap of cash transfer for tuberculosis-affected households: comment on “does direct benefit transfer improve outcomes among people with tuberculosis? – a mixed-methods study on the need for a review of the cash transfer policy in India” (International Journal of Health Policy and Management).
  3. Intervention pathways to reduce tuberculosis-related stigma: a literature review and conceptual framework (Infectious Diseases of Poverty).

On Going Research

  1. Review of Promotive and Preventive Health Budgeting in Health Services (RPJMN 2025-2029 Background Study) – in collaboration with World Health Organization.
  2. TB-CAPS: a mixed methods study to co-design, implement, and evaluate a peer-led, community-based psychosocial support package for people affected by tuberculosis-related stigma in Indonesia – in collaboration with Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine (LSTM).
  3. Long-term impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness, diet, stress and depression symptoms in developing countries: The PA&FIT-Network online survey.

Conferences Attended as Speakers in 2022

  1. Panel Discussion on the Development of Family Medicine Research in Asia-Pacific
    Region: The Present and Future:
    – Development of Family Medicine Research in Indonesia (dr. Indah Suci Widyahening, MS, MSc-CMFM, Sp.KKLP, PhD).
  2. Malaysia Indonesia Brunei Conference.
    – Utilization of Health Services Among Young Adult Students – The Effect of COVID 19 Pandemic (Dr. dr. Dhanasari Vidiawati Sanyoto MSc.CM-FM, Sp.KKLP, FISPH, FISCM)
  3. World Organization of Family Doctors (WONCA) Asia Pacific Regional Conference 2022.
    –  Relationship between vitamin D plasma levels with SARS-Cov 2 antibody among oil and gas workers (dr. Indah Suci Widyahening, MS, MSc-CMFM, Sp.KKLP, PhD).
    –  HPV detection for primary cervical cancer screening in primary health care (dr. Indah Suci Widyahening, MS, MSc-CMFM, Sp.KKLP, PhD).
    –  Protecting The Refugees of Indonesia During COVID-19 Pandemic: Lesson Learnt of A Little Contribution for Vaccination from a University’s Primary Care Clinic (dr. Trevino A. Pakasi, MS, Sp.KKLP, PhD).
    –  Excess body weight and risk factors in adolescents and young adult of health sciences students in Indonesia (Dr. dr. Dhanasari Vidiawati Santoyo, MSc-CMFM, Sp.KKLP).
    –  The Association between the Frequency of Online Food Application Use and Nutritional Status among Medical University Students during Covid- 19 Pandemic (dr. Dewi Friska, MKK, Sp.KKLP).
    –  Effective nutrition education strategy in primary care (dr. Dian Kusuma Dewi M.Gizi, Sp.KKLP).

Head of Cluster: dr. Indah Suci Widyahening, MS, MSc-CMFM, Sp.KKLP, PhD
Principal Investigators:

  1. Service Delivery Model and System of Care: Dr. dr. Retno Asti Werdhani, M.Epid, Sp. KKLP (Community Medicine Department FKUI).
  2. Health Promotion, Patient Management Tools and Community Engagement: dr. Trevino A. Pakasi, MS, Sp.KKLP, PhD (Community Medicine Department FKUI).
  3. PHC Financing, Policy and Multisectoral Collaboration: dr. Ahmad Fuady, PhD (Community Medicine Department FKUI)


  1. Dr. dr. Dhanasari Vidiawati Trisna, MSc-CMFM, Sp.KKLP (Community Medicine Department FKUI).
  2. dr. Marinda Asiah Nuril Haya, M.Med.Sci, PhD (Community Medicine Department FKUI).
  3. Dr. dr. Herqutanto, MPH, MARS, Sp.KKLP (Community Medicine Department FKUI).
  4. Prof. Dr. dr. Med. Akmal Taher, Sp.U (K) (Urology Department FKUI – RSCM).
  5. Prod.Dr. dr. Ratna Sitompul, Sp.M (K), (Ophthalmology Department FKUI – RSCM).
  6. Prof. Dr. dr. Rini Sekartini, Sp.A (K) (Pediatric Department FKUI – RSCM).
  7. Dr. dr. JM. Seno Adjie, Sp.OG (K) (Obstetric and Gynaecology Department FKUI – RSCM) .
  8. dr. Sunu Budhi Raharjo, Sp.JP (K), PhD (Cardiology Department FKUI – RSJH).
  9. Dr. Abdillah Ahsan, S.E., M.S.E. (Faculty of Economic and Business UI, Director of Lembaga Demografi UI).
  10. Dr. dr. Dian Kusuma Dewi, MGizi, Sp.KKLP (Community Medicine Department FKUI).
  11. dr. Dewi Friska, MKK, Sp.KKLP (Community Medicine Department FKUI).