1. Predicting sperm DNA fragmentation by FACS scan
  2. Development of male contraception: hormonal, herbal and post-testicular
  3. Pathogenesis of male infertility


  1. To develop the accurate measurement of motion of individual sperm in a population
  2. To allow calculation of their velocities and proportion of sperm exhibiting progressive motility, and thereby eliminate the bias of subjective ‘estimates’ by technicians
  3. To help research and education institution to conduct research more quickly
  4. For researchers, a custom semen processing organization, or in a large group practice, most of today’s CASA systems offer the advantage of reduced bias compared with visual evaluations plus outcome measures which could provide a reliable basis to reject or use a given semen sample, optimally prepare the ‘units’ of semen for distribution, and assure that quality of product meets specifications


  1. To ensure indifference in semen count, motility and morphology estimates
  2. To reduce inter personal variations and to standardize observable with higher limits of acceptance
  3. Reliable reproducibility
  4. Option to have databank for a patient’s records