Challenges and Opportunities
Health outcomes have significantly improved in Indonesia, in terms of child mortality rate, Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR), Infant Mortality rate (IMR), nutrition status and life expectancy. However, some parameters have stagnated in the last several years.
Communicable diseases remain a significant challenge to the health system as demonstrated by increasing trends of various neglected communicable diseases such as filariasis and TBC. In addition, non-communicable diseases (NCDs) including cardiovascular diseases, metabolic disease, and cancers, have also been detected to increase and become major causes of death. WHO reported that probability of dying between ages 30 and 70 from 4 major NCDs (cancer, cardiovascular diseases, chronic respiratory diseases and diabetes) for both sexes is 23%.
Above data clearly warn us that more efforts which should be more collaborated and synergy, are needed. It should be realized that Indonesia are still facing several strategic challenges:
- High dependency from international medicine and technology suppliers
- A gap between research and market needs
- Lack of medical innovation from academic institutions
- A discrepancies in medical education qualities
- Increased complexity of disease
- Global risk of infectious disease
- Global competition among health service providers
- Change sin demographic profiles, with a large middle age population by 2030
What can we do? FKUI as a leader in medical education institution believe that the solution is a need for a medical transdisciplinary education and research. This is inline with Government Strategic Map to achieve the vision of 2019. Among the strategies is health risk based intervention.